Artificial respiration is the method of forcing air into. and out of the lungs in a person whose breathing has stopped. Respiration for a long time results in death. The artificial respiration helps save the victim’s life. This method is carried out by 2 steps: artificial ventilation and chest compression.
Step 1 – Artificial ventilation:
It’s necessary to put the victim in a supine position. The person who is attending to the victim should sit in parallel with the victim, then use one hand to lift the victim’s chin. and another hand to hold the victim’s nose. The attending person must inhale deeply, then put his mouth to the victim’s mouth and give full breath every 15 times per minute. If the victim’s chest does not rise, it means the breath cannot come into the victim’s lungs. due to giving weak breath or the victim’s neck gets chocked. The chock should be removed by Heimlic Maneuver. although
Step 2 – Chest compression
It’s required to knee in parallel with the victim. and put the other hand on the top of the first hand in the center of the chest. Two arms should be straight to the victim’s body. You must compress down on the chest to a depth of 3-4 cm and at a rate of 60 times per minute, equaling 1 time per second. besides
* Important notes: for example
Child’s bones are vulnerable, so compression force should be appropriate and depend on age. Compressing down must be done at a rate of 80-90 times per minute for the child at age of 10 or younger and 100 times per minute for newborn baby. also
The chest compression may be done by one or two persons. It’s necessary to perform 15 chest compressions and 2 artificial ventilations if it’s done by one person and 5 chest compressions and 1 artificial ventilation if it’s done by two persons. again